ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

STUDENTS’ GRADING THEIR TEACHER

Students are the only true wealth of a nation and their education is the socio-moral responsibility of the country. To be educated is both their right as well as duty. Teachers play the most important role in students’ education. However, while some teachers are efficient in their career, some others do respect neither the students nor their jobs. That is why; students should be allowed to grade their teacher.

Opponents of students’ grading their teacher claim that this would indirectly give the students authority over teachers. They say that students are young, shallow, and immature. They would intentionally fail teachers who do not give them a below average amount of work or teachers who do not give them high grades. According to them, teachers will not focus on teaching the students. They will instead focus on trying to please the students in order for them to keep their job. They are right to some extent. But if parents help them in grading, teachers’ wrong judgement can be avoided. They also have to consider that teachers can be as petty and immature as students at times and may give students low grades that they do not deserve. This is not something related to age.

Some people may still maintain that students may not know what it’s like to teach, or even how to do it. They also claim that students may not know specifically how to teach the class, but they know how to help themselves learn. And if the teachers tried to teach that way, it could be that other students learn that way as well. However this is an irrelevant claim to our subject because I do not mean to say that students should grade professional performance of the teacher. I say that it is useful for both the students and the teacher that students grade their teacher’s care about themselves, his fairness in grading or his effort to teach them a subject.

Grading system will help appraise the performance of the teachers and measure the satisfaction level of the students. It will give them an insight into the minds of the students and show whether the teachers are successful in getting their lessons understood by the students. It will evaluate whether the class atmosphere is conducive to aid their learning. It will measure the satisfaction level of the students. It will also encourage the good teachers to continue their efforts and motivate themselves. It will also expose those who are not doing enough and will lead them to correct their teaching mythologies as well as their attitude towards students. Thus the quality of teaching will certainly improve. According to a study made in Turkey; ‘teaching methods’ factors and largely teachers’ ‘personal factors’ had an important influence on pupils’ attitude toward learning. Indeed, when you look at the data gathered through all the sections of the study, it is not difficult to conclude who the teacher is, and what they are like as a person are one of the most essential determinants on attitudes to learning for many pupils, i.e. the teacher as ‘a rational human being’, along with the teacher’s technical or pedagogical competence. So it is necessary to grade the teachers.

If the system of grading of teachers by the school students is introduced, the administration of the school will come to know about the performance of the teachers. Some teachers do not teach their students; instead, they let them cheat in the exams in order to pretend that he is a successful teacher. This will corrupt the minds of the students. Some teachers give their students a lot of homework which they can not deal with. This attitude has negative psychological and physical effects on them. Some students want to declare their complaints but they can not find anyone to tell. This system will eliminate bad effects of teachers on students and help cut the teachers who do not give importance to their jobs.

 Having said these, I suggest this system is brought to all of the schools. This system will help the quality of education be improved, psychology and moral values of the students be secured. Teachers grade the students all the time, but why should not they himself be graded? If students do not grade them, there is no democracy at all.

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ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

STUDENTS’ GRADING THEIR TEACHER

Students are the only true wealth of a nation and their education is the socio-moral responsibility of the country. To be educated is both their right as well as duty. Teachers play the most important role in students’ education. However, while some teachers are efficient in their career, some others do respect neither the students nor their jobs. That is why; students should be allowed to grade their teacher.

Opponents of students’ grading their teacher claim that this would indirectly give the students authority over teachers. They say that students are young, shallow, and immature. They would intentionally fail teachers who do not give them a below average amount of work or teachers who do not give them high grades. According to them, teachers will not focus on teaching the students. They will instead focus on trying to please the students in order for them to keep their job. They are right to some extent. But if parents help them in grading, teachers’ wrong judgement can be avoided. They also have to consider that teachers can be as petty and immature as students at times and may give students low grades that they do not deserve. This is not something related to age.

Some people may still maintain that students may not know what it’s like to teach, or even how to do it. They also claim that students may not know specifically how to teach the class, but they know how to help themselves learn. And if the teachers tried to teach that way, it could be that other students learn that way as well. However this is an irrelevant claim to our subject because I do not mean to say that students should grade professional performance of the teacher. I say that it is useful for both the students and the teacher that students grade their teacher’s care about themselves, his fairness in grading or his effort to teach them a subject.

Grading system will help appraise the performance of the teachers and measure the satisfaction level of the students. It will give them an insight into the minds of the students and show whether the teachers are successful in getting their lessons understood by the students. It will evaluate whether the class atmosphere is conducive to aid their learning. It will measure the satisfaction level of the students. It will also encourage the good teachers to continue their efforts and motivate themselves. It will also expose those who are not doing enough and will lead them to correct their teaching mythologies as well as their attitude towards students. Thus the quality of teaching will certainly improve. According to a study made in Turkey; ‘teaching methods’ factors and largely teachers’ ‘personal factors’ had an important influence on pupils’ attitude toward learning. Indeed, when you look at the data gathered through all the sections of the study, it is not difficult to conclude who the teacher is, and what they are like as a person are one of the most essential determinants on attitudes to learning for many pupils, i.e. the teacher as ‘a rational human being’, along with the teacher’s technical or pedagogical competence. So it is necessary to grade the teachers.

If the system of grading of teachers by the school students is introduced, the administration of the school will come to know about the performance of the teachers. Some teachers do not teach their students; instead, they let them cheat in the exams in order to pretend that he is a successful teacher. This will corrupt the minds of the students. Some teachers give their students a lot of homework which they can not deal with. This attitude has negative psychological and physical effect on them. Some students want to declare their complaints but they can not find anyone to tell. This system will eliminate bad effects of teachers on students and help cut the teachers who do not give importance to their jobs.

 Having said these, I suggest this system is brought to all of the schools. This system will help the quality of education be improved, psychology and moral values of the students be secured. Teachers grades the students all the time, but why not he himself be graded? If students do not grade them, there is no democracy at all.

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CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAY

EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION

Noise can be defined as an unwanted or undesired sound. When this unwanted sound hits our ears and disturbs the environment, noise pollution is created. Chiefly, noise pollution comes from barking dogs, loud music, vehicles, aircraft and rail transport, air-conditioners, factories, amplified music and construction work. Noise pollution has adverse effects on both human health and environment.

Noise pollution disturbs our health and behavior in a number of ways. For example; exposure to noise can damage one of the most vital organs of the body, the ear. Hearing impairment due to noise pollution can either be temporary or permanent. When the sound level crosses the 70dB mark, it becomes noise for the ear. Noise levels above 80 decibels produce damaging effects to the ear. When ear is exposed to extreme loud noise (above 100 decibels) for a considerable period of time, it can cause irreparable damage and lead to permanent hearing loss. Sleep Disturbances  is one of the noise pollution effects that can deter your overall well being. Noise can interrupt a good night’s sleep, and when this occurs, the person feels extremely annoyed and uncomfortable. People deprived of uninterrupted sleep show a sharp dip in their energy levels which often results into extreme fatigue.  This can considerably decrease a person’s ability to work efficiently. Noise pollution may also lead to mental health problems. Exposure to loud sound can result in elevated stress levels as well as stimulate violent behavior. A constant noise in the vicinity can also trigger headaches, make people tense and anxious, and disturb emotional balance. Another effect of noise pollution is on cardiovascular issues.  Studies have shown that high intensity sound cause a dramatic rise in blood pressure as noise levels constrict the arteries, disrupting the blood flow. The heart rate (the number of heartbeats per minute) also increase. These sudden abnormal changes in the blood increase the likelihood of cardiovascular diseases in the long run.

Noise pollution has adverse effects not only on human health but also on environment. Man-made noise pollution has made the Earth an uncomfortable place to stay for animals as well. Hearing loss and rapid increase in heart rate are some of the ill-effects of noise pollution on animals. High intensity sound induces fear, forcing them to abandon their habitat, has ill effects on their reproductive function, productivity, feeding and breeding patterns. For instance, research has proven that aircraft induced noise is responsible for a significant decrease in reproduction activity of a wide range of animals. Noise pollution effects can also be seen on chicken in the form of a sharp drop in egg production. Stunted growth in chickens due to intense noise has also been observed. Noise pollution indirectly affects the vegetation. Plants require cool and  peaceful environment to grow. Noise pollution causes poor quality of crops. Noise also weakens the edifice of buildings, bridges and monuments indirectly. It creates waves, which can be very dangerous and harmful and put the building in danger condition.

As we see, noise pollution affects both human health and environment badly. As long as life exist, noise will be exist. It is the inevitable result of life and human acts. Although it is impossible to abolish noise, we can decrease ill effects of noise pollution by taking some precautions such as maintaining vehicles and factory machines, moving animals some other place away from the noice source and using dual-paned windows.

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COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY

ANIMAL CELL AND PLANT CELL

Cells are the structural and functional units of all living organisms. Each cell is an amazing world unto itself: it can take in nutrients, convert these nutrients into energy, carry out specialized functions, and reproduce as necessary. Even more amazing is that each cell stores its own set of instructions for carrying out each of these activities. Some organisms, such as bacteria, are unicellular, consisting of a single cell. Other organisms, such as humans, are multicellular, or have many cells. Cells may have different qualities according to the  organisms that they form and according to tissue types of the species. There are some similarities and differences between plant cell and animal cell in terms of their shapes, the organelles that they have, the features of the organelles that are present in both of them and carbonhydrate storage styles.

Animal cells do not have chloroplasts (essential for photosynthesis), plastids, and cell wall. When put in hypotonic atmosphere, animal cell absorb water. Then because of the absence of cell wall, water explodes the cell. Animal cells have cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, mitochondria, centrosome, golgi apparatus, cell membrane, microtubules, lysosomes, nucleus and nucleolus. An animal cell also have vacuoles, but vacuoles in animal cell are small in size and big in number. In an animal cell, carbonhydrate (of which building structure is glucose) storage material is glycogen. Animal cells have round and irregular shapes.

Plant cells have chloroplasts because they make their own food. Unlike animal cells, they also have plastids and cell wall. As they have cell wall, they do not explode in hypotonic atmosphere. As well as animal cells, plant cells have cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, mitochondria, golgi apparatus, cell membrane, microtubules, nucleus, nucleolus and vacuoles. The number and size of vacuoles in plant cell are smaller when compared to those of plant cell. Plant cells lack some organelles which are present in animal cells: centrosome and lysosome. Centrosome produces centrioles in animal cells. In plant cells, centrioles are produced by another structure instead of centrosome and are present only in some lower plant forms. Starch is the carbonhydrate storage material of plant cells. Plant cells are in rectangular, fixed shape unlike animal cells.

Both plant and animal cells are eukaryotic cells, they have complex structures but the structures of both types of cells have major differences. Their shapes are different from each other. There are some organelles that are present in only plant or only animal cells. There are also organelles which are shared by both animal and plant cells, but their structure are different in each type of cell. As a last difference, carbonhydrate is stored as glycogen in an animal cell while in a plant cell it is stored as starch.

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DEFINITION ESSAY

THE PROCESS OF WRITING AN IMPRESSIVE CV

A CV (curriculum vitae) is a document which provides an overview of a person’s life and qualifications. In some countries, a CV is typically the first item that a potential employer encounters regarding the job seeker and is typically used to screen applicants, often followed by an interview, when seeking employment. So a CV must be an impressive one. There is a process in writing CV and there are some crucial points that one must take into consideration while writing it.

There are three different types of CV and the first step in CV writing is to decide the format of your CV. A chronological CV focuses on presenting the candidate’s experience on an employer by employer basis, with the posts being listed in reverse chronological order. It also contains details of education and qualifications, together with hobbies. Some chronological CVs also contain a brief personal statement at the front which sets out the key skills and strengths of the candidate. This CV type is particularly useful for those applying within the same industry as it will demonstrate your career progression. It is the favourite format for most employers, who simply want to get a feel for your career to date. If you do not have many achievements across your career, taking a job by job approach will save you having a separate “Achievements” section (characteristic of Functional CVs) which may look tiny. If you have gaps in your employment which you would rather not discuss, a chronological CV will make them more obvious. If you are changing career direction, a chronological CV will add little information to your new employer, who will be more concerned about the transferable skills that you are bringing rather than the detail of your experience in an unrelated sector. This type is useful especially for  new graduates. A functional CV typically starts with a personal profile which highlights the achievements, skills and personal qualities that you possess. This is then followed by a succession of sections, each relating to a different skill or ability. These should be ordered in decreasing order of importance. If you have changed jobs frequently, if your experience is a mish-mash of seemingly unrelated posts or if you have several career gaps, a functional CV will help you  place the emphasis on what you have to offer as a whole rather than on the chronology. The third one is Combined CV. A combined CV follows both the chronological and functional format, which makes the CV slightly longer than normal. This is the perfect format if you have a strong career progression with many achievements. This format is not suitable for those with little experience or achievements and with employment gaps.

Having decided to the CV format and before beginning to write the CV, it is essential for one to keep in mind some important points. Firstly, the job which you apply for should be suitable to your position, otherwise, your CV is nothing more than a waste of material and time. Secondly,  the CV should be neat and tidy. Thirdly, honesty is necessary because the ones who use their imaginations and draw away from facts will find themselves in difficult situations. Lastly, do not forget that the employers may have the first impressions about you through the intention letter. You must give place to the subjects that you place the emphasis on like your business experiences, your educations, personal features and your profession fields. Intention letter is a mirror that reflects whether you can clearly express your ideas  or not. It should not exceed one page.

A CV begins with name, surname, address, telephone numbers and e-mail address. Then there is a personal details part. In that part, you write your nationality, birth place, birth date and marital status. Afterwards you write your career objective because you career objective shows that you have focus in your job search and helps to clearly define your career goals. Key skills and achievements are also to be included in a CV. While writing skills and achievements, it is essential for you to avoid overestimating yourself, otherwise, the employer may think that you are for better jobs and may not employ you. Later, career history is added. If you are a new graduate, you had better choose chronological CV format. In education and qualifications part, which takes place after career history, your educational status takes place. Foreign languages that you know must also be also written but if you do not have a foreign language, skip that part. Just as the foreign language knowledge, “computer skills” is a part of the CV. To what extend can you use a computer? Which programs can you use in a computer? In this part, you write the answers of these questions. Immediately following, you write about your interests. Indeed, your interests have a great importance because it gives an idea about your personality. For example, if you like taking photos, this means that you know how look at things, and you have a wide perspective. In the end, references are given. While writing references, make sure that these references are from reliable people.

After you have finished writing the CV, you should check it in case of possible mistakes. Then, if wanted, put a photo of yourself into the envelope together with the CV. But if no photo is requested, do not insist on putting a photo.

To sum up, writing a CV is a process, and there are some crucial points of which you must be careful before, during and after writing a CV. The first thing that you are to do before beginning to  write a CV is to decide what kind of a CV  you are going to write. In the second phase before the writing process, there are some important points that you should keep in mind. During the writing of the CV, some personal details, qualifications and education, interests, foreign language and computer skills, career objective, career experiences are listed. Then, it is of great importance that you should revise what you have written.

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CLASSIFICATION ESSAY

CHOOSE YOUR DIET

Diet is a great mediator in the way person looks, weighs and feels. Many people resort to diets in order to lose weigh but one mustn’t ignore to choose the suitable diet for himself.  Diets can be classified in six categories according to  meal and nutrient varieties that they offer, and according to their practicability.

The first kind of diet is “fixed-menu diet”. A fixed-menu diet provides a list of all the foods you will eat. This kind of diet can be easy to follow because the foods are selected for you. But, you get very few different food choices which may make the diet boring and hard to follow away from home. In addition, fixed-menu diets do not teach the food selection skills necessary for keeping weight off. If you start with a fixed-menu diet, you should switch eventually to a plan that helps you learn to make meal choices on your own, such as an exchange-type diet.

There are diets that provide a wider variety of foods than fixed menu diets . One of them is “exchange-type diet”. An exchange-type diet is a meal plan with a set number of servings from each of several food groups. Within each group, foods are about equal in calories and can be interchanged as you wish. For example, the “starch” category could include one slice of bread or 1/2 cup of oatmeal; each is about equal in nutritional value and calories. If your meal plan calls for two starch choices at breakfast, you could choose to eat two slices of bread, or one slice of bread and 1/2 cup of oatmeal. With the exchange-type diet plans, you have more day-to-day variety and you can easily follow the diet away from home. The most important advantage is that exchange-type diet plans teach the food selection skills you need to keep your weight off.

            Pre-packaged meal diet is another diet type. These diets require you to buy pre-packaged meals. Such meals may help you learn appropriate portion sizes. If you’re constantly on the go but still need to shed a few pounds, a prepared-meal diet plan may be right for you. There is no carbohydrate, protein or calorie counting, and everything is ready to eat in minutes. Many people have seen success following a prepared-meal diet plan, and several popular celebrities have been on television touting the amazing results. However, they can be costly. Before beginning this type of program, find out whether you will need to buy the meals and how much the meals cost. You should also find out whether the program will teach you how to select and prepare food, skills that are needed to sustain weight loss.

Together with exchange-type diet, there is another diet type which is easy to follow. It is “formula diet”. Formula diets one or more meals with a liquid formula. Most formula diets are balanced diets containing a mix of protein, carbohydrate, and usually a small amount of fat. Formula diets are usually sold as liquid or a powder to be mixed with liquid. In spite of their practicability and promoting short term weight loss, most people regain the weight as soon as they stop using the formula. Another disadvantage of this type is that, people using formula diets over a long period often develop nutrient deficiencies. . In addition, formula diets do not teach you how to make healthy food choices, a necessary skill for keeping your weight off.

A fifth type of diet is “questionable diet”. You should avoid this kind of diet because it suggests you eat a certain nutrient, food, or combination of foods to promote easy weight loss. Some of these diets may work in the short term because they are low in calories. However, they are often not well balanced and may cause nutrient deficiencies. The high protein diet, for example, has been linked to kidney problems, heart disease, bone loss, arthritis, and even tumours.  Additionally, they do not teach eating habits that are important for long-term weight management.

The last type is “flexible diet”. Some programs or books suggest monitoring fat only, calories only, or a combination of the two, with the individual making the choice of both the type and amount of food eaten. This flexible type of approach works well for many people, and teaches them how to control what they eat. One drawback of flexible diets is that some don’t consider the total diet. For example, programs that monitor fat only often allow people to take in unlimited amounts of excess calories from sugars, and therefore don’t lead to weight loss. It is important to choose an eating plan that you can live with. The plan should also teach you how to select and prepare healthy foods, as well as how to maintain your new weight. Remember that many people tend to regain lost weight. A healthful and nutritious diet to maintain your new weight, combined with regular physical activity, helps to prevent weight regain.

            There are six types of diets according to their content of meals, nutrients and practicability. It is essential to consider all these factors when choosing your diet type. A healthy and effective diet must be well balanced, it must not make you lose weight in short time and it must teach you the food selection skills.

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